Written Threats to Kill or Injure Lawyers in Orlando, FL

WRITTEN THREATS TO KILL OR INJURE IN FLORIDA – An Insight by an Experienced Orlando Attorney

In the state of Florida, the issuance of written threats to kill or injure is taken very seriously and is considered a criminal offense. These threats, as outlined by the law, can come in various forms, and can have severe consequences both for the individual who issues them and for those who are their intended targets. Given the rise in mass shootings and acts of terrorism worldwide, Florida, like many other states, has put legislative measures in place to mitigate and prevent such threats.

Understanding the Elements of Written Threats to Kill or Injure in Florida

To get a deeper grasp of what constitutes a written threat in Florida, one must look at the details of Sec. 836.10 of the Florida Statutes. According to this statute, there are two fundamental elements that need to be established for an act to be considered a written threat to kill or injure:

  1. Nature of the Threat: The law mandates that a person must have:
    • Made a written threat to kill or inflict bodily harm upon another individual.
    • Expressed, in writing, an intention to conduct a mass shooting or an act of terrorism.

It’s crucial to note that the threat need not be made directly to the intended victim. Rather, the mere act of creating such a threat in writing is enough to trigger the provision of this statute.

  1. Transmission of the Threat: It’s not merely the act of writing the threat that constitutes a violation. The individual must also:
    • Send, post, or otherwise disseminate the threat in a manner where another individual can view or come across it. This includes sending through mail, posting on social media platforms, or even leaving a note at a location where someone else might find it.

Implications of the Law

Given the clear-cut provisions of the law, anyone found guilty of violating Sec. 836.10 may face severe legal repercussions. It’s essential to be informed and to understand the consequences associated with issuing written threats, whether they are done out of anger, jest, or any other emotion.

Furthermore, with the advent of digital communication, the scope of what is considered ‘writing’ has expanded significantly. A text message, a tweet, or a Facebook post can all be grounds for prosecution if they contain threats as specified in the statute.

It’s always advised to seek legal counsel if you believe you’ve been wrongfully accused or if you find yourself on the receiving end of such threats. An experienced attorney can provide guidance, understanding, and representation in such intricate legal matters.

What are the Penalties for Written Threats to Kill or Injure in Florida?

In the state of Florida, the law takes a stringent stand against individuals who issue written threats to kill or injure others. These regulations have been enacted to ensure the safety and well-being of the public and to deter potential offenders. With the gravity of such threats in mind, the penalties for violations are structured to be particularly severe.

Classification of the Offense

Written Threats to Kill or Injure in Florida fall under the category of second-degree felonies. This categorization underscores the importance Florida places on maintaining the safety of its residents. Felonies of the second degree are reserved for particularly serious crimes, which means the penalties are also correspondingly severe.

Detailed Breakdown of the Penalties

    1. Prison or Probation: A person found guilty of issuing a written threat to kill or injure can be sentenced to:
      • A maximum of 15 years in prison.
      • Alternatively, the guilty party could be subjected to probation for a similar duration, depending on the circumstances and the discretion of the judge.
    2. Monetary Fines: Beyond potential imprisonment or probation, the guilty individual might also be slapped with a hefty fine, which can go:
      • Up to $10,000. This monetary penalty serves not only as a deterrent but also emphasizes the weightiness of the crime.
    3. Severity Level Under the Criminal Punishment Code: The offense is ranked at a severity level of 6, which translates to 36 points in the context of the Criminal Punishment Code. The higher the points, the more severe the potential penalties.

Penalty Description
Prison or Probation Up to 15 years
Fine Up to $10,000

Discretion and Considerations in Sentencing

Importantly, while the law spells out the maximum penalties for issuing written threats, it also offers some leeway for judges during the sentencing process. If there are no aggravating factors, such as previous criminal convictions, then there isn’t a minimum mandatory sentence set in stone. This flexibility ensures that judges can consider the unique circumstances of each case.

However, it’s crucial to understand that this discretion doesn’t necessarily guarantee leniency. The absence of a minimum mandatory sentence means that while the judge has the authority to sentence someone to the full 15 years, they are not bound to assign any specific amount of prison time. Factors such as the nature of the threat, the intent behind it, and the potential harm it could have caused can all play a role in the judge’s decision.

Given the serious repercussions associated with written threats, individuals accused of such offenses, or those who believe they have been victims, should seek legal counsel immediately. An informed legal perspective is vital in navigating these complex regulations and potential outcomes.

How Can I Fight a Charge of Written Threats to Kill or Injure in Florida?

Being charged with the serious offense of issuing written threats to kill or injure in Florida can be daunting. However, with a clear understanding of your rights and the defenses available, you can effectively navigate the legal process. Let’s delve into how to build a robust defense strategy against such charges.

The “True Threat” and First Amendment Protections

A key component of your defense strategy revolves around the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which protects your right to free speech. The U.S. Supreme Court has outlined that this right cannot be infringed upon unless the threat in question is a “true threat.” What exactly constitutes a “true threat”?

      • A “true threat” refers to a statement or action that signifies a genuine intent to inflict harm, which could be perceived as serious by any reasonable person. It isn’t just an empty boast, a jest, or an exaggeration.
      • Florida’s judiciary might not have extensively weighed in on the “true threat” clause, but many other jurisdictions mandate the prosecution to demonstrate:
        1. The accused intended for the victim to perceive the threat as genuine.
        2. Any reasonable individual in the shoes of the victim would indeed view the threat as genuine, irrespective of the accused’s intent.
        3. Both the aforementioned conditions.

Hence, in building your defense, it may be possible to challenge the State’s evidence and argue that they must conclusively demonstrate both your intent and the perception of the threat.

Common Defensive Approaches

      1. Motion to Suppress: One prevalent defensive tactic involves filing a motion to suppress. This motion aims to discard evidence the authorities might have procured by infringing upon your constitutional rights. If successful, this can considerably weaken the prosecution’s case.
      2. Alibi Defense: If you can present evidence that places you in a different location when the alleged threat was made, this can be a potent defense. This approach rests on proving that it would have been logistically impossible for you to make the threat, thus exonerating you.
      3. Challenging the Credibility of Evidence: Given the digital age, many threats are transmitted electronically. In such cases, questioning the authenticity and origin of digital evidence can be another avenue of defense.

Leppard Law’s Approach

With experienced legal counsel, such as that provided by Leppard Law, you can comprehensively dissect the State’s evidence and arguments. Their seasoned attorneys are adept at:

      • Evaluating the nuances of your case to identify potential weak points in the prosecution’s charges.
      • Leveraging various defensive strategies tailored to your unique situation.
      • Challenging restraining orders or other related charges that might be levied against you.

Facing charges for written threats is undoubtedly stressful, but with the right legal representation and a clear understanding of available defenses, you can position yourself for the best possible outcome.


1. How does the court determine whether a written threat is serious or just a jest?

The court takes into consideration both the intent of the person making the threat and how a reasonable person would perceive it. The U.S. Supreme Court’s “true threat” criteria are often employed, ensuring that the threat is not just a jest or exaggeration.

2. Are there any precedents where individuals were acquitted of such charges?

Yes, there have been cases where individuals were acquitted of written threat charges due to a lack of evidence, establishing that the threat was not a “true threat”, or successfully demonstrating other defenses. An experienced attorney can provide insights into specific cases and their outcomes.

3. Does Florida law differentiate between threats made on different platforms, like emails, social media, or handwritten notes?

The platform or medium doesn’t inherently change the nature of the threat under Florida law. Whether the threat is made via email, social media, or a handwritten note, what matters is the content of the threat and its intent. However, digital platforms might provide more traceable evidence than others.

4. What immediate steps should I take after being charged with such an offense?

Firstly, refrain from discussing your case or providing statements without an attorney present. Secondly, contact a reputable legal firm like Leppard Law to evaluate your case, help you understand your rights, and craft a strong defense strategy.

5. How does Leppard Law’s experience make a difference in defending against these charges?

Leppard Law’s deep understanding of Florida’s legal landscape, combined with their experience in handling similar cases, positions them to provide you with a robust defense. Their expertise can be crucial in challenging evidence, presenting counter-narratives, or negotiating favorable outcomes.

6. If the victim did not feel threatened, can the charges be dropped?

The victim’s perception can play a role, but it isn’t the sole determining factor. Even if the intended recipient did not feel threatened, the court might still consider how a reasonable person would interpret the threat. However, the victim’s stance can influence the case’s proceedings and its outcome.

Navigating the world of criminal defense can be overwhelming. That’s why you deserve an attorney that not only understands the intricacies of the law but also values a personal connection with their clients. At Leppard Law: Florida DUI Lawyers & Criminal Defense Attorneys PLLC, we take pride in offering both.

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      1. Unmatched Client Satisfaction: With over 300+ 5-star Google Reviews, it’s evident that our clients believe in our ability to deliver top-tier legal services.
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      4. Specialized DUI Defense: Our prowess is further highlighted by our recognition as one of the “Top 3 DWI & DUI Lawyers in Orlando, FL” by Three Best Rated.
      5. Fast-Growing & Dedicated: Our commitment to our clients and our passion for justice led us to be ranked as the #5 “Fastest Growing Law Firm in the US” by Law Firm 500 in 2020. Our growth mirrors our dedication to each case we take on.

But don’t just rely on accolades. Experience our dedication firsthand. What does it feel like to have an attorney who knows you, who stands by you during challenging times? At Leppard Law, you’re not just a case number; you’re family. We fight fiercely for the best possible outcomes and always prioritize your interests.

So, if you or a loved one are facing criminal charges and seek unparalleled legal expertise combined with a personal touch, don’t wait. Contact us today! and schedule your free consultation. Your defense deserves the best, and we’re here to deliver.

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